Panda gold coin – the most popular collector's and investment coin from China
The panda gold coin is minted in China (China Gold Coin Incorporation) and has been issued since 1982. The Gold Panda is one of the most beautiful gold coins due to the panda bear motif and enjoys great popularity as a collection and investment coin. The panda bear is of significant importance in China: Its appearance is considered a good omen, which is why the great Panda is seen as a symbol of fortune. The Panda coins are incidentally also available in silver, platinum and palladium.
Motif on the Panda gold coin
The Panda gold coins share the following in common on the front side: Chinese characters, the currency indication (Yuan) and the fine content of 99.9%. Each coinage year has, however, had a different panda motif with the exception of the 2001/2002 edition. The panda is shown individually or in groups with the poses also being different each time. This is rather an exception to the norm with gold coins, which is why the panda gold coin is likewise highly sought after by collectors. The Temple of Heaven in Beijing / the "Harvesting Hall" with a three-tired marble terrace and roof construction (chin. Qiniandiàn) can be seen on the rear side of the coins. Qiniandiàn). It was built by the Yongle Emperor in 1420 and served him for prayers for a good harvest.
Panda coin – distinctive features
In addition to the distinctive feature of the changing motif on the front, there are also special features about the rear side motif of the Panda gold coin. At first glance, the motif always seems the same, yet a trained eye can also recognise the subtle differences here. The marble terrace is equipped with a fence, which has many differing columns depending on the year:
- 1983-1986 has 6 columns on each side
- 1987-1991 has 5 columns on each side
- 1992-2001 has 4 columns on each side
- 2002 onwards has 3 columns on each side
Gold panda - circulation and face value
The national Chinese currency is the Yuan. The Panda gold coins were minted with a face value of 500 Yuan (1 oz) to 5 Yuan (1/20 oz) up until 2005. Oz is short for ounce, having a weight of 31.1 grams. The face value was increased by a factor of four following 2005, whereby an ounce currently has a face value of 2000 Yuan (corresponding to around 289 Euro). The increased face value only applies to, however, the sizes between 5 ounces and 1/10 ounce; the 1 gram coin still has a face value of 3 Yuan. The coin sizes of 5 oz up to 10 kilogram usually have a face value of 10,000 Yuan.
Circulation: The first two years – 1982 and 1983 – appeared in a very limited circulation. Only 13,500 / 23,500 coins were minted then, which makes these years particularly popular with collectors. The number was limited to 101,000 coins up to 2010, increasing thereafter up to a max. 1,000,000 coins issued per year.
There are also other special features about the denomination of the gold Panda. While coins in the same "league" (e.g. the Vienna Philharmonic, Maple Leaf and Krugerrand) are present in denominations of 1 ounce through to 1/25 ounce (corresponding to 1.24 grams), there is a difference visible here: The smallest Panda gold coin weighs 1 gram, which corresponds to 0.032 oz. The largest Panda gold coin weighs 10 kilograms and equals 321.4 ounces. The Panda gold coins are specified in grams as of 2016, whereby the weight is rounded off. Thus, the “ounce” weighs only 30 grams.
Gold Panda counterfeits
Even for experts it is not always easy to recognize counterfeits straight away. The following tips are intended to help you be on the safe side when buying a Gold Panda:
- The national currency must always be indicated. Also pay attention to the date and, if necessary, the increase in the face value.
- The number of columns in the fence has to be correct. If the number of columns indicated differs from what is expected from the year, then this is guaranteed to be a counterfeit.
- The edge of the Panda gold coin is grooved. The grooves for coins dated up to 2001 are straight and from 2002 oblique.
Pay attention to these points as much as possible to differentiate between originals and counterfeits. In doing so, nothing will stand in your way when buying/selling.
Important: If you have the pleasure of coming across a Chinese gold Panda coin, leave it in its original packaging. That is to say, gold coins already opened drop heavily in value.
Do you wish to sell your gold coins? We're happy to consult with you at one of our branches in Vienna.
At a glance:
Name: Panda gold coin
Manufacturer: China Gold Coin Incorporation
Year of minting: 2001 till today
Fineness: 999.9/1000 Gold (99.9% Gold)
Face value: 3, 5 / 20, 10 / 50, 25 / 100, 50 / 200, 100 / 500, 1000, 500 / 2000, 10000 Yuan (Chinese currency)
Type: Collector's coin and investment coin made of gold